PoLAR: Political and Legal Anthropology Review’s fourth emergent conversation features a variety of perspectives regarding the American Anthropological Association’s (AAA) vote on a possible boycott of Israeli academic institutions. From April 15-May 30, AAA members have a chance to cast a vote on the proposed boycott of Israeli academic institutions. Grouped as “Why We Need an Academic Boycott” and “Why We Question an An Academic Boycott,” authors including Karen Brodkin, Donald Donham, Marc Edelman, Ilana Gershon, Lenore Manderson, and David Rosen explore the rationales for and ramifications of the proposed boycott. The perspectives featured here do not represent the collective position of APLA and its members, which does not officially support or oppose the measure. This conversation is ongoing, so stay tuned for updates!